Dr. Musto

Practice Limited to Periodontics and Dental Implants

920 Wyoming Avenue, Suite 203, Forty Fort, PA 18704


Gum Grafting

Gum Grafting Overview

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Gum Grafting Procedures - Forty Fort, PA

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When recession of the gingiva occurs, the body loses a natural defense against both bacterial penetration and trauma. When gum recession is a present, reconstruction of the lost tissue using grafting techniques is an option. This is a predictable way to cover unsightly, sensitive or exposed root surfaces and to prevent future gum recession.

When there is only minor recession, some dense healthy gingiva (pink tissue directly around teeth) often remains and protects the tooth. So, no treatment other than modifying home care practices is necessary. However, when recession reaches the mucosa (thin, red, and easily irritated tissue), the first line of defense against bacterial penetration and inflammation is lost.

In addition, gum recession often results in root sensitivity to hot and cold foods as well as an unsightly appearance to the gum and tooth (appearance of long teeth). Gum recession can predispose teeth to worsening recession and exposure of the tooth root surface, which is softer than the tooth crown. Exposure of the root surface can lead to root cavities and root gouging.

A connective tissue graft is designed to solve these problems. A thin piece of tissue from inside of the upper teeth is placed over the exposed root surface. The existing tissue is then moved and repositioned to cover the tissue graft. This provides a stable band of attached dense gingiva around the tooth.

A gingival graft can be used in cases where root coverage can not be accomplished or is not necessary. Root coverage is not a goal of this graft. Placement of this graft provides healthy dense gingiva in an area where the tissue is thin, red, and easily irritated. A thin piece of tissue from inside of the upper teeth and placed into the necessary area. It is also possible that the tissue can be gently moved over from an adjacent area. This graft also provides a stable band of attached gingiva around the tooth. These grafting procedures are highly predictable and result in a stable healthy band of dense attached tissue around the tooth.

Gum Grafting - Forty Fort, PAGum Grafting - Forty Fort, PA
before and after gum grafting

When the procedure is completed sutures, and possibly a protective “bandage”, are placed to help secure the new gum-to-tooth relationship. You will need to be seen ten to fourteen days after surgery to remove sutures, evaluate your healing, and review oral hygiene.

Gum Grafting Case Study

Before & After Gum Grafting