Dr. Musto

Practice Limited to Periodontics and Dental Implants

920 Wyoming Avenue, Suite 203, Forty Fort, PA 18704

507-283-3611

Bone Augmentation or Expansion

Bone Grafting Overview

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Bone Grafting - Forty Fort, PA

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In severe cases, a bone graft is placed to increase ridge height and/or width in the area of significant shrinkage. This is a technique used to restore the lost bone dimension when the jaw ridge gets too thin to place conventional implants. In this procedure, the bony ridge of the jaw is expanded by mechanical means. Bone graft material is placed and a resorbable membrane may be placed over the graft material. In some cases, a membrane is not necessary. The graft material is allowed to heal for a period of three to six months prior to implant placement. Allograft donor material is used for bone grafting procedures. The bone is obtained from a tissue bank and is prepared from human cadavers. It is used to assist the patients own bone to grow into the site needing repair. This grafting material has extensive testing and is effective, predictable, and very safe.

When the procedure is completed, sutures are placed. You will need to be seen seven to ten days after surgery to remove the sutures, evaluate your healing, and review oral hygiene.

Sinus Augmentation Graft (Sinus Lift) Procedure

The maxillary sinuses are behind your cheeks and on top of the upper teeth. Sinuses are like empty rooms that have nothing in them. Some of the roots of the natural upper teeth extend up into the maxillary sinuses. When these upper teeth are removed, there is often just a thin wall of bone separating the maxillary sinus and the mouth. Dental implants need bone to hold them in place. When the sinus wall is very thin, it is impossible to place dental implants in this bone.

The solution is a sinus augmentation or sinus lift graft. The dental implant surgeon enters the sinus from where the upper tooth or teeth used to be. The sinus membrane is then lifted upward and donor bone is inserted into the floor of the sinus. A resorbable membrane may be placed over the opening and graft material. In some cases, a membrane is not necessary. Keep in mind that the floor of the sinus is the roof of the upper jaw. After six to nine months of healing, the bone becomes part of the patient’s jawbone. At that point, dental implants can be inserted and stabilized in this new sinus bone.

When the procedure is completed, sutures are placed. You will need to be seen seven to ten days after surgery to remove the sutures, evaluate your healing, and review oral hygiene.

The sinus graft makes it possible for many patients to have dental implants when years ago there was no other option other than wearing loose dentures.

Sinus augmentation and implant placement can sometimes be performed as a single procedure. If enough bone exists between the upper jaw ridge and the bottom of the sinus, the implant can be stabilized at the same time. The healing period is the same as for the sinus graft procedure alone.